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Apr 1 – 5, 2019
Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel
UTC timezone

A Phase 2 Study of Actinium-225 (225Ac)-lintuzumab in Older Patients with Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Not scheduled
Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel

Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel


Dr Mark Berger (Actinium Pharmaceuticals)


Background: Older patients with AML unfit for intense induction chemotherapy have a poor prognosis with 5-year survival of <10%. 225Ac-lintuzumab is composed of 225Ac linked to a humanized anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody. Data were previously presented on the initial 13 patients who received 2.0µCi/kg/dose (ASH 2017, Abstract 616). Although that dose resulted in a high response rate of 69%, it was associated with a 46% incidence of Grade 4 thrombocytopenia lasting >6 weeks. Therefore, the dose was reduced to 1.5µCi/kg/dose for further evaluation. This study enrolled older patients with untreated AML who were considered to be unfit for standard induction chemotherapy. Patients 60-74 years were required to have significant comorbidities, while all patients ≥75 years were eligible. Antecedent hematologic disorders (AHDs) were allowed. Other eligibility criteria included ECOG PS 0-2 and CD33 expression on >25% of blasts. 225Ac-lintuzumab was administered on Days 1 and 8. Results: 40 patients were treated (13 at 2.0µCi/kg and 27 at 1.5µCi/kg). The median age was 75 years and median ECOG PS was 1. 23 patients had prior AHDs. Of the patients with known cytogenetics, 3 had favorable-risk, 17 had intermediate-risk, and 10 had adverse-risk AML. The median baseline BM blast percentage was 31% (range, 20-66%) with median CD33 expression 63% (range, 14-100%) of AML cells. Objective responses were seen in 9 patients (69%, 2.0µCi/kg) and 6 patients (22%, 1.5µCi/kg). Overall, there were 1 complete remission, 5 complete remissions with incomplete platelet count recovery (CRp) and 9 complete remissions with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi). Myelosuppression was seen in all patients including Grade 4 thrombocytopenia with marrow aplasia for >6 weeks after the first dose in 46% (2.0µCi/kg) and 30% (1.5µCi/kg) with data at 6 weeks. One patient with prior MDS had pancytopenia for >4 months. Conclusions: Preliminary data from this analysis of 225Ac-lintuzumab monotherapy in older AML patients unfit for intensive therapy indicate a lower rate of myelosuppression at 1.5µCi/kg/dose but also a lower response rate than was seen at 2.0µCi/kg/dose. Although the study met the prespecified response criteria for continuing enrollment, it was closed to further accrual since targeted radiation, like other AML therapies, will likely have the best outcomes when used in combination or in settings where myelosuppression is expected. An extensive development program in MDS, AML, and multiple myeloma is planned. In MDS, Lin-Ac225 will be used as targeted conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplant in patients with Poor/Very Poor Cytogenetics. In AML, Lin-Ac225 will be used in combination with venetoclax, with venetoclax and HMAs, with CLAG-M salvage chemotherapy, and as a single-agent for post-remission therapy. Lin-Ac225 will also be used as a single-agent for CD33-expressing relapsed multiple myeloma.
Email Address
Presentation Type Contributed Oral

Primary authors

Dr Ehab Atallah (Medical College of Wisconsin) Dr Joseph Jurcic (Columbia University Medical center) Dr Mark Berger (Actinium Pharmaceuticals)


Dr Alexander Perl (University of Pennsylvania) Dr David Rizzieri (Duke University) Dr Gail Roboz (Weill Medical College of Cornell University) Dr Jae Park (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center) Dr Johnnie Orozco (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center) Dr Kebede Begna (Mayo Clinic) Dr Laura Finn (Ochsner Medical Center) Dr Michael Craig (West Virginia University) Dr Moshe Yair Levy (Baylor University Medical Center) Dr Raya Mawad (Swedish Cancer Institute) Dr Sharif Khan (Saint Francis Cancer Center) Dr William Tse (University of Louisville)

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