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Feb 15 – 18, 2018
Canada/Eastern timezone

Quasi-free Proton Knockout Reactions on the Oxygen Isotopic Chain

Feb 18, 2018, 10:45 AM


Leyla Atar (University of Guelph)


According to the Independent Particle Model (IPM) single-particle (SP) states are fully occupied up to the Fermi energy with spectroscopic factors (SF) of one. However, it is well known from electron-induced proton knockout that the SP strength is reduced to about 60-70% for stable nuclei, which has been attributed to the presence of short-range and long-range correlations [1]. This finding has been confirmed by nuclear knockout reactions using stable and exotic beams, however, with a strong dependency on the proton-neutron asymmetry [2]. The observed strong reduction of SP cross sections for the deeply bound valence nucleons in asymmetric nuclei is theoretically not understood. To understand this dependency quantitatively a complementary approach, quasi-free knockout reactions, is introduced. Quasi-free knockout reactions in inverse kinematics at relativistic energies provide a direct way to investigate SP structure of stable and exotic nuclei [3]. We have performed a systematic study of spectroscopic strength of oxygen isotopes using quasi-free (p,2p) knockout reactions in complete kinematics at the R3B/LAND setup at GSI with secondary beams containing $^{13-24}$O. The oxygen isotopic chain covers a large variation of separation energies, which allow a systematic study of SF with respect to neutron-proton asymmetry. We will present results on the (p,2p) cross sections for the entire oxygen isotopic chain obtained from a single experiment. By comparison with the Eikonal reaction theory [4] the SF and reduction factors as a function of separation energy have been extracted and will be compared to existing data in literature. The results include total and partial cross sections extracted by means of gamma-coincidence measurements as well as momentum distributions. The latter are sensitive to the angular momentum of the knocked-out nucleon in the projectile. Finally, a brief report will be given on a pioneer experiment performed at RIKEN where the quasi-free (p,2p)-fission reaction was employed for the first time on 238U as a benchmark test for future applications to determine fission barriers of neutron-rich exotic nuclei near $^{208}$Pb and $^{214}$Bi. This work is supported by the GSI-TU Darmstadt cooperation agreement and the BMBF Verbundforschung under contract 05P15RDFN1. [1] L. Lapikas Nucl. Phys. A553, 297c (1993) [2] J. A. Tostevin, A. Gade Phys. Rev. C 90, 057602 (2014) [3] V. Panin et al. Phys. Letters B 753, 204-210 (2016) [4] T. Aumann, C. Bertulani, J. Ryckebusch Phsy. Rev. C 88, 064610 (2013)

Primary author

Leyla Atar (University of Guelph)


Carlos Bertulani (Texas A&M University-Commerce) Dennis Muecher (University of Guelph) Paschalis Stefanos (University of York) Thomas Aumann (TU Darmstadt & GSI)

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